Matthew Overview

MATTHEW OVERVIEW
Alternating sections of historical narrative and teaching:

I.      1st Narrative:  Chs. 1 – 4                 Introduction to Jesus Christ
Teaching:  Chs. 5-7               The Sermon on the Mount
II.     2nd Narrative:   Chs. 8-9:34          Evidence of the Kingdom’s Coming
Teaching:  Chs. 9:35-10       The Mission Discourse
III.   3rd Narrative:  Chs. 11-12             Criticism of OT Unbelief/Phariseeism
Teaching:  Chs. 13:1-52       The Kingdom Parables
IV.   4th Narrative:  Chs. 13:53-17         Prelude to the Rejection of God
Teaching:  Chs. 18                Kingdom Priorities
V.     5th Narrative:  Chs. 19-22              The Judean Period
Teaching:  Chs. 23-25           Phariseeism & Eschatology
VI.   6th Narrative:  Chs. 26-28              The Passion & Resurrection

Special Characteristics of Matthew
a.     Messianic Focus:   Refrain: “That it might be fulfilled….”  Jesus is the OT Messiah.
b.     Jew & Gentile Focus
Jew:         Genealogy: in 3 groups of 14, Abraham to Christ, in Rabbinic style
Law:  to be fulfilled           5:18f; 19:17ff; 23:23
– observe Pharisees as they sit on Moses’ seat  23:2f.
– pay Temple tax      17:24ff
Jesus sent to lost sheep of house of Israel: 15:24
Gentile:   Magi: 2:1ff
Egypt offers asylum:  2:13ff
Parables: vineyard 21:33ff (another nation supplants)
Great Commission to all nations:  28:18ff
c.     Ecclesiastical:  “church” 16:18; 18:17
d.     Eschatalogical:  ch. 24-25; parables: wheat & tares; 10 virgins 25:12

I.      1st Narrative:           Chs. 1 – 4                 Introduction to Jesus Christ
1:  1-17   The Genealogy
18-25   The Birth of Jesus
2:  1-12   The Magi Visit
13-23   The Flight to Egypt & Back
3:  1-12   The Mission of John the Baptist
13-17   Jesus’ Baptism
4:  1-11   The Temptation
12-17   Beginning 2d yr of ministry: Jesus Begins to Preach in Galilee: “Repent”
18-22   Jesus Call First Disciples
23-25   Jesus Begins Teaching, Preaching & Healing; His Fame

         1st Discourse:         Chs. 5-7  The Sermon on the Mount
5:  1-2      Introduction
3-12      The Beatitudes
13-16       Salt & light
17-48       Jesus, the Law, and true Piety
Fulfill not destroy  17-20
Killing – anger – fool  & adversarial relations  21-26
Adultery – lust & inward purity  27-30
Marriage, divorce & Eden’s Order  31-32
Oaths & one’s word   33-37
Non-retaliation & benevolence  38-42
Loving one’s enemies   43-48
6:1-7:27       Teaching on religious practice
Alms (Giving)   1-4
Prayer   5-15 (Lord’s Prayer)
Fasting  16-18
Laying up treasures  19-24
Worldly cares  25-34
7                               Judging  7:1-5
Casting pearls before swine  6
Prayer   7-11
The Golden Rule 12  &  The Narrow Gate  13-14
Wolves in sheep’s clothing  & Fruit testing 15-23
The House on the Rock  24
28-29        Effect on hearers

II.     2nd Narrative:          Chs. 8-9:34             Evidence of the Kingdom’s Coming
8:  1-17   Healing of leper, centurion’s slave, Peter’s Mother-in-law, others
18-22   Testing of 2 disciples
23-27   Stilling of the waves
28-34   Healing of demoniac
9:   1-8     Healing of paralytic
9-13    Matthew called
14-17    Question about fasting
18-34    Healing of ruler’s daughter, woman with hemorrhage,
2 blind men, dumb demoniac

         2nd Discourse:        Chs. 9:35-10          The Mission Discourse
9: 35-38   Jesus expresses compassion
10:  1-15                 briefs the disciples
16-25                 warns of future troubles
26-33                 exhorts not to fear
34-39                 warns of divisions within households
40-42                promises rewards

III.   3rd Narrative:           Chs. 11-12   Criticism of OT Unbelief/Phariseeism
11:     1    Jesus sets out to preach
2- 6   John the Baptist’s inquiry
7-15  Jesus – testifies concerning John the Baptist
16-19       –  testifies concerning His own generation
20-24       –  testifies against Israel’s unfaithfulness (woes on Galilean cities)
25-27       –  testifies to Father’s work (thanks Father for hiding & revealing true)
28-30       –  testifies to his own work (calls weary to His rest & burden)
12: 1-8    Sabbath in the cornfield
9-14    Healing in the synagogue
15-21    Healing of the multitude
22-37    Pharisees criticize Jesus; He replies
38-42     Sign-seeking and the sign of Jonah
43-45     Return of an evil spirit
46-50     Jesus’ real family

         3rd Discourse:         Chs. 13:1-52          The Kingdom Parables
13:1-9     The sower and the soils
10-15     The reason for the parables
16-17     The disciples’ privileged position
18-23     The first parable interpreted
24-30   The wheat and the tares
31-33   The mustard seed and the leaven
34-35   Old Testament support for the use of parables
36-43   The wheat and the tares interpreted
44-51   Hidden treasure
Pearl of great price
The Dragnet
The trained scribe of the kingdom

IV.   4th Narrative:           Chs. 13:53-17            Prelude to the Rejection of God
13:53-58 Jesus Rejected at Nazareth (God’s Son rejected)
14: 1-12  The death of John the Baptist (God’s prophet killed)
13-36  Jesus – feeds 5000 (manna from heaven)
– walks on water (Spirit hovers over face of deep)
– heals at Gennesaret
15:1-20   The tradition of the elders v. commandments of God
21-39   Jesus – casts out Syro-Phonecian demoniac
–  heals multitudes
–  feeds 4000
16:   1-4   Pharisees demand a sign
5-12  Teaching on Leaven
13-20  Peter’s confession at Caesarea Philippi
21-23   Jesus’ 1st prediction of the Passion
24-28    Jesus’ 1st prediction of disciples’ suffering
17:1-13    Jesus’ Transfiguration (Son of God)
14-21   Jesus heals epileptic boy
22–23   Jesus’ 2nd prediction of the Passion
24-27   Teaching on the Temple tax

         4th Discourse:         Chs. 18   Kingdom Priorities
18:   1-5      Inquiry about greatness
6-10     Consequence of causing others to stumble
11-14      Illustration of lost sheep
15-21      Dispute resolution
23-25      Parable of unmerciful servant

V.     5th Narrative:           Chs. 19-22              The Judean Period
19:     1-2     Jesus goes to Perea
3-12     Marriage and divorce
13-15      Jesus blesses the little children
16-22      The rich young ruler
23-30      Jesus comments on riches and rewards
20:  1-16      Parable of laborers in vineyard
17-19      Jesus’ 3rd prediction of the Passion
20-28      Zebedee’s wife seeks places of honor for her sons
29-34       Healing of 2 blind men
21:1-11       Entry into Jerusalem
12-17       Cleaning of the Temple
18-22       Cursing of the fig tree
23-22:46      Controversies in the Temple court

         5th Discourse:         Chs. 23-25              Phariseeism & Eschatology
23:1-36   Jesus pronounces woes against Pharisees
37-39    Jesus laments over Jerusalem
chs. 24-25     Apocalyptic discourse

VI.   6th Narrative:           Chs. 26-28              The Passion & Resurrection
26:  1-19   Preparation:
Jesus’ 4th prediction of Passion  1-2
Pharisees conspire  3-5
Jesus anointed  6-13
Judas sells Jesus  14-16
Jesus makes Passover plans  17-19
20-29    The Passover: betrayal  foretold 20-25, Passover observed  26-29
30-35      Peter’s betrayal predicted (at Mt. of Olives)
36-46      Jesus in Gethsemane
47-56     Arrest
57-27:66     Trial, crucifixion & burial
28             The resurrection; Appearance to the eleven;
The farewell commission